This paper was presented at
Psychology: The Indian Contribution
National Conference on
Indian Psychology, Yoga and Consciousness
organised by the Indian Council of Philosophical Research
at the Sri Aurobindo International Centre of Education
Pondicherry, India, 10-13 December 2004

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Integrative change model in psychotherapy: Perspectives from Indian thought.

L. Sam S. Manickam — Centre for Applied Psychological Studies, Thiruvananthapuram.

Different psychotherapeutic approaches claim positive changes in patients as a result of therapy. Explanations related to the change process lead to different change models. Some of the change models are experimentally oriented whereas others are more theoretical. Apart from the core models of behavioural, psychodynamic, humanistic, cognitive and spiritually oriented models, there are specific models within psychotherapy that explain the change process. Integrative theory of person as depicted in Indian thought provides a common ground for the integration of various therapies. Integrative model of change based on Indian thought, with specific reference to psychological concepts in Upanishads, Ayurveda, Bhagavad Gita and Yoga is presented. Case studies that substantiate the model are illustrated. Appropriate psychological tools may be developed in order to help the clinicians to choose the techniques that match the problem and the origin of the dimension. Explorations have to be carried out to develop more techniques that are culturally appropriate and clinically useful. Research has to be initiated to validate the identified concepts.

Email the author: "Dr. Sam Manickam" <>