Dimensions of Indian and Western psychology

Aradhana Shukla
Department of Psychology
S.S.J.K.U. Campus, Almora

It is a well-known fact that the Vedas are India's oldest scriptures. It would, therefore, not be illogical to say that the origin of Indian psychology is in the Vedas. Indian psychology is based on philosophy. Supporters of Western psychology and many Indian psychologists too contend that philosophy has always existed in India, not psychology. But this is not true. The Vedas are an essence of all knowledge-one finds in them religion, philosophy, the arts, literature, culture and psychology. It has always been the aim of Indian psychology to know the self. According to Atreya, Indian psychology is a quest of man to know the inner self, its outer components (of which man is made), and through the knowledge of these to know the hidden consciousness. The main focus of Indian psychology has been on the methods of development of man's personality. As such Indian Psychology ought to be recognised as a separate science.

This paper was presented at the
National Conference on
Yoga and Indian Approaches to Psychology

Pondicherry, India, September 29 - October 1, 2002