A new approach to measure spiritual quotient (SQ)

C.N. Daftuar, C. Dasgupta & Nira Manghrani
M.S. University of Baroda

Spirituality has been variously defined and interpreted. For behavioral scientists this has been an elusive concept. So much so that psychologists, in general, avoided discussion on this kind of phenomena for almost about a century. Zohar and Marshall (2002) who first used the term SQ opined that spirituality cannot be measured. The present authors took up the challenge and tried to develop a reliable and valid test to measure the so-called Spiritual Quotient. This paper reports the results and findings of this endeavour. The resultant test contains 15 dimensions and has 99 items. These dimensions are: i) God and religiosity, ii) Soul, iii) Self-awareness, iv) Spiritual exercises, v) Life style values, vi) Fate and karma, vii) Interpersonal relations, viii) Divinity in love, ix) Spirituality in leadership, x) Sense of equality, xi) Helping attitude and behaviour, xii) Flexibility, xiii) Right use of suffering and easily overcoming it, xiv) Capacity to transcend pain, and xv) Being at ease with the concept and sense of death. The test was tried twice on two different types of samples. On a four-point Likert-type scale the reliability values on the sample of adults normal population ranged from .63 to .91. In the second tryout on a sample of industrial managers the reliability values ranged from .346 to .91. The reliability values for the total scale approached .91 in both attempts.

This paper was presented at the
National Conference on
Yoga and Indian Approaches to Psychology

Pondicherry, India, September 29 - October 1, 2002